Not only for people who regularly exercise or for everyone, but it is also important to pay close attention to their weight. This will help us to promptly adjust the exercise/diet if we are overweight or underweight.
We need to pay more attention here is the ratio between height and weight, which will give a pretty significant indication of what we will do next in the near future.
This is one of the most basic indicators for you to simply track your health and not spend too much time.
The indicator we are talking about here is the BMI. A quick calculator formula for assessing weight status. So what is BMI and how to calculate BMI for men and women?
Online BMI calculator
Recently, we have finished understanding the formula to calculate BMI. However, if we calculate BMI manually, we will use a pocket calculator to do the calculation. And this will be a bit inconvenient.
So, to solve the above problem, Bodybuilding Vip has created a tool for you to calculate BMI online right in this article. This calculator will be very useful for those who want to use a convenient online application/app.
To use an online BMI calculator, just enter your weight and height (as instructed). Then, click the “Calculate BMI” button for the tool to process information and return the results.
What is BMI?
BMI stands for Body Mass Index. Body Mass Index (BMI) translates to body mass index. BMI is an index showing the relationship between a person’s height and weight …
And is used to assess the person’s weight condition. In addition to the BMI name, they are also known as the Quetelet index (Quetelet index). By comparing your own BMI to standard BMI levels …
You will easily know if your body is too thin, overweight, or obese. In addition, BMI has a close relationship with health status. As the BMI gets further out and beyond the recommended range …
Notice: The BMI Calculator has been updated and booked immediately in this article. Press Ctrl + D or share to save the tool.
The more health risks you face. BMI depends on 2 factors: height and weight. At the same time, the BMI is independent of age and is calculated equally for both sexes.
To evaluate a person’s weight status, BMI will be used to compare the threshold values established by scientists. Then, your BMI at any threshold, that threshold is your weight status.
Normally, BMI will be divided into 4 thresholds, that is: underweight, normal, overweight and obesity (will be detailed in the following sections). Additionally, some organizations divide BMI into more granular levels.
For example underweight, underweight, degree 1 or 2 obesity… In some cases, the BMI threshold will be adjusted for different groups of people. For example, some studies show that Asians are at risk …
Have illnesses related to a higher weight, although belonging to the normal weight group (according to BMI). Therefore, experts recommend reducing the value of the overweight / obesity BMI threshold for Asians.
The origin of BMI
The first BMI calculation concept and formula (Quetelet index) were created in 1832, by Adolphe Quetelet. Adolphe Quetelet was a Belgian mathematician, while he was also an astronomer, statistician, and sociologist.
By July 1972, in a study published in the Journal of Chronic Diseases about the relationship between Quetelet indexes and health problems, the Quetelet index concept was obtained by Ancel Keys …
Along a number of other authors replaced it with a more modern term, “Body Mass Index” (BMI). Adolphe Quetelet was one of the first to statistically analyze indicators …
In terms of size, rate, and rate of human growth. One of his most enduring achievements has been the creation of an accurate formula for estimating body fat levels (BMI).
At the time the original Quetelet index was created, body fat was considered unsightly but by no means unhealthy. However, when our understanding of the body …
Increased in the 19th century, obesity was clearly a direct cause of morbidity and dysfunction. At this point, scientists need a simple way to estimate fat percentage …
Of large groups of people aimed to confirm doubts about their hypotheses. So they started using BMI as a proxy for body fat status. And that’s how they are still used today.
The formula for calculating BMI for men and women
If you are new to BMI, you are probably looking for “how to calculate BMI for women” or “how to calculate BMI for men”. However, as mentioned at the beginning of the article, BMI is not dependent on gender.
That they will depend only on 2 metrics, that is, height and weight. Therefore, the formula for calculating BMI for both men and women is the same. To calculate the BMI, we divide the weight by the square of the height. In it, the height will be in meters.
BMI = weight / (height x height)
The weight will be in units of kg. For example, a person 1m8 tall weighing 70 kg will have a BMI of 70 / (1.8 x 1.8) = 21.6. Note that if you want to use pounds instead of kilograms, you need to multiply the formula by 703 to convert the figure.
Standard BMI of the average person
Through the calculation tool above, you must have got your BMI. Now in order to know if our weights are correct, we need to compare them with the recommended BMI thresholds.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), for people with BMI below 18.5, they are underweight. And these people may suffer from malnutrition, eating disorders, or some other health problem.
- BMI underweight
- Normal, healthy BMI level
- Overweight BMI
- Obesity BMI levels
Meanwhile, people with a BMI of 25 and over were rated as overweight. And those with a BMI of over 30 were classified as obese. Only people who own BMI from 18.5 to 24.9 …
Newly considered to have a normal weight and healthy health. However, the above-mentioned 4 BMI thresholds are just 4 overall thresholds. In fact, the WHO organization divides BMI thresholds into 11 different levels.
These BMI thresholds are severe underweight (below 15), underweight (15-16), underweight (16-18.5), normal (18.5-25), overweight (25-30), obese type I / Moderately obese (30-35) …
Severely obese (35-40), Type III / Very severely obese (40-45), Type IV / Morbidly Obese (45-50) obesity, Type V / Super Obese (50- 60), obese category VI / Hyper Obese (over 60).
Note, the above BMI thresholds are common for the world. Therefore, they will not be suitable for Asians (). Instead of using the above values, we should apply the following BMI thresholds.
BMI of Asians
In Hong Kong, the Hospital Authority Hospital recommends a normal BMI to be between 18.5-23. The overweight BMI is between 23-25. And this 23 is also overweight BMI …
Which WHO recommends for Southeast Asia. In addition, a BMI of 30 or higher is assessed as obese. Meanwhile, in Japan, a 2000 study on obesity by the Japan Society recommended …
|BMI according to Asian standards|
|Severe obesity||Over 30|
A normal BMI is between 18.5-25. And those with a BMI of over 25 were classified as obese. On the other hand, in Singapore, the BMI was revised in 2005 and supported by many studies.
These studies have shown that, with the generally recommended BMI threshold, many Asian countries (including Singapore) have a higher percentage of body fat and the risk of cardiovascular disease/diabetes than in other countries.
However, these modified metrics are used to assess health risks, not weight. In particular, people with a BMI below 18.5 will experience health problems such as malnutrition and osteoporosis.
And those with a BMI of between 18.5 and 23 were rated in good health. In addition, people with a BMI of 23 or more are at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, stroke, or diabetes.
For children (2-20 years old) BMI calculation method is quite similar to adults. However, the usage of BMI is completely different. For children, we will not compare BMI with recommended ranges, but with the percentile of children of the same age and sex.
If the child’s BMI is less than the 5th percentile (5th percentile) then it is a sign of underweight. Because at that time only 5% of children were heavier than children, and most other babies were heavier. If the BMI is greater than the 95th percentile (95th percentile), the child is considered to be obese.
Because at this time the child is heavier than most (95%) of the others. In addition, a child’s BMI at 85-95th is considered overweight. To find out if your child is underweight or obese, look up 2 percentile charts for boys and girls here .
Limitations of BMI
Although BMI is quite a useful indicator when we want to check whether our weight is up or not. However, BMI has a number of flaws and can lead to a misjudgment of your weight.
Body size restrictions
For people with tall and large bones, the BMI often overestimates the weight 10% more than it actually is. As for those with small, short bones, the BMI often underestimates the weight of about 10%.
In other words, people with short bones can have a lot of body fat. However, BMI still reported “normal” weight. Conversely, people with tall bones may have a low percentage of fat, but the BMI judges them to be overweight.
Muscle mass restriction
The BMI is often inaccurate with people with large or less muscle mass than usual. For subjects with high muscle mass (athletes), the BMI will overestimate their weight.
Thus, although they are in good health, the BMI judges them to be overweight or even obese. In addition, some people have little muscle mass but a lot of excess fat (in the abdomen). Thus, even though they are very thin, the BMI shows that they are “normal”.
When assessing the relationship between BMI and health problems (disease risk, low life expectancy) studies have shown that a high BMI is both beneficial but also harmful. Specifically, a high BMI can protect your life under certain circumstances.
On the other hand, they can negatively affect your health. A high BMI is often associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, cancer, depression, fatty liver, arthritis, etc.
A person overweight (high BMI) is often caused by excess fat. And this will adversely affect the functions of the body. Overproduction of fat cells leads to hormone changes, increasing blood glucose levels.
In addition, they can also cause you to have atherosclerosis, putting a lot of pressure on the bones and joints and internal organs. Although a high BMI can have an adverse effect on health, the life-protective effect of a high BMI is an interesting benefit.
Some studies show that, if you are hospitalized for some chronic illnesses like heart disease or cancer, a high BMI will help protect you. This phenomenon is known as the “obesity paradox”.
The reason for this is that when you have excess weight and muscles, they will be used to compensate for the weight and muscle lost during the course of your illness. From there, you can recover from the disease faster.
What BMI doesn’t tell you about your health
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